Purpose

This study will assess the preliminary efficacy of a lifestyle intervention including low-carb/ketogenic diet and exercise, enhanced by self-monitoring through health technologies on weight and diabetes outcomes (Glucose, HbA1c) and diabetic complications (cognitive function, and renal function) in a 6-month randomized clinical trial in 60 overweight/obese adults with or without T2D. Renal function will be assessed via both traditional and novel biomarkers, including novel metabolites and mitochondrial function.

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Willing to participate in the study 2. being 18 and over 3. For overweight/obese adults (BMI≥25kg/m2) 1. without self-reported diagnosis of T2D or CKD: eGFR≥90mL/min/1.73m2 and urine albumin to creatinine ratio ACR<30mg/g within the past 12 months 2. with T2D but without CKD: eGFR≥90mL/min/1.73m2 and ACR<30mg/g within the past 12 months 3. with early stage CKD: 60≤eGFR<90mL/min/1.73m2 or 30mg/g ≤ACR< 1000mg/g within the 12 months 4. can speak and understand English 5. own a smart phone or tablet that has reliable internet/data access 6. agree to comply with all study requirements

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Patients with triglyceride ≥ 500 mg/dL or with Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol≥ 129mg/dL 2. type 1 diabetes (by self-report) 3. severe psychiatric disorders deemed by investigators, which might interfere with study procedures (by self-report) 4. severe chronic conditions (e.g. severe heart disease, renal disease, cognitive impairment, etc.) that would preclude them from participating 5. unwillingness to sign the consent form and be randomized into a study group 6. enrollment in other low carb/keto diet or weight loss programs 7. inability to walk without assistance (by self-report) 8. under SGLT2 inhibitor treatment 9. being pregnant or breast feeding (by self-report) 10. having plans to leave the city or USA for over 2 weeks within 6 months at enrollment

Study Design

Phase
N/A
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description
Randomized controlled trial with 2 arms. Randomization will be done in clusters: overweight/obese adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) but no chronic kidney disease (CKD) overweight/obese with T2D without CKD overweight/obese with early stage CKD
Primary Purpose
Other
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Placebo Comparator
Control Group (mHealth+low-fat diet group)
The low-fat group will be asked to restrict total calorie and total fat consumption according to the Look AHEAD intervention and MyPlate guidelines, with 26-44% carbs, 10-30% protein, and less than 30% fat.
  • Other: mHealth + low-fat diet
    A restricted total calorie and reduced total fat consumption.
Experimental
Intervention Group (mHealth + low-carbohydrate/ketogenic diet group)
Total calories will be set according to Look AHEAD intervention, and carbohydrate consumption restriction will be set based on recommendations from American Diabetic Association, National Kidney Foundation, and other evidence-based resources. Participants in this group will be asked to consume a low-carb/ketogenic diet. Specially, participants will receive a carbohydrate, protein, and fat intake goal based on 1.5 : 1 ratio (1.5 grams of fat to 1 gram of carbohydrate and protein combined). Daily macronutrient and calorie consumption will be individualized for each participant using ideal body weight as inferred from wrist circumference and activity level. Carbohydrate consumption will be less than 10% (20~50 g), protein 10-20% (1.0~1.2g/kg ideal body weight), and fat 70-80% of total daily energy, respectively. Nutritional ketosis will be reached by consuming such diet (0.5 mmol/L).
  • Other: mHealth + low-carb/ketogenic diet
    A low-carb/ketogenic diet

Recruiting Locations

UT Health San Antonio School of Nursing
San Antonio, Texas 78229
Contact:
Yan Du, PhD MPH RN
duy@uthscsa.edu

University Health System Texas Diabetic Institute
San Antonio, Texas 78207
Contact:
Yan Du, PhD MPH RN
duy@uthscsa.edu

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Study Contact

Yan Du, PhD MPH RN
210-567-2170
duy@uthscsa.edu

Detailed Description

Participants in both groups will receive standardized health education sessions including lifestyle management, blood glucose control, blood pressure control, and prevention of diabetic complications from trained providers who are also investigators of this study. The lifestyle intervention from the evidence-based Group Lifestyle Balance (GLB) program (http://www.diabetesprevention.pitt.edu/index.php/for-the-public/for-health-providers/group-l ifestyle-balance-curriculum/) and Look AHEAD intervention (https://www.lookaheadtrial.org) will be modified for this study. Goal for weight loss and physical activity will be set for each participant based on recommendations from GLB and Look AHEAD. Lifestyle intervention will be delivered through interactive digital lessons. Smart phone and mobile health devices will be used for each participant to self-monitor diet, physical activity, weight, glucose level, blood pressure, and blood ketone (if randomized to the low-car/ketogenic diet group). Control group (mHealth+ low-fat diet group): The low-fat group will be asked to restrict total calorie and total fat consumption according to the Look AHEAD intervention and MyPlate guidelines, with 26-44% carbs, 10-30% protein, and less than 30% fat. Intervention group (mHealth+ low-carb/ketogenic diet group): The low-carb/ketogenic diet group, will have total calorie set according to Look AHEAD intervention, and carb consumption restriction will be set based on recommendations from American Diabetic Association, National Kidney Foundation, and other evidence-based resources. Participants in this group will be asked to consume a low-carb/ketogenic diet. Specially, participants will receive a carbohydrate, protein, and fat intake goal based on 1.5 : 1 ratio (1.5 grams of fat to 1 gram of carbohydrate and protein combined). Daily macronutrient and calorie consumption will be individualized for each participant using ideal body weight as inferred from wrist circumference and activity level [1]. Carbohydrate consumption will be less than 10% (20~50 g), protein 10-20% (1.0~1.2g/kg ideal body weight), and fat 70-80% of total daily energy, respectively. Nutritional ketosis will be reached by consuming such diet (0.5 mmol/L). All diet intervention materials will be developed by a registered dietitian according to the evidence-based guidelines. The dietitian will also be responsible to any study activities relevant to diet. These activities include but are not limited to responding to some specific diet questions to study participants and health related measurements relevant to diet changes. An interventionist, under supervision of a registered dietitian, will interact with each participant from both groups at the beginning of the intervention as an introduction visit, and three individual intervention sessions at month 1, 3, and 5. During the introduction visit, the interventionist will set up a personalized weight loss goal and caloric intake goal with the participants. The individual intervention sessions at month 1, 3 and 5 will be arranged to solve the encountered problems regarding diet, weight loss, caloric intake and action planning. Additional communication through phone call will be used to support patient dietary changes throughout the study based on their self-monitoring information.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.