Purpose

This phase II trial studies how well systemic therapy with or without local consolidative therapy work in treating patients with solid tumor that has spread to 1 site of other places in the body. Treatment with up-front local consolidative therapy may be better in helping to control the disease.

Condition

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Oligometastatic solid tumors (see protocol for relevant disease sites) patients (=< 5 metastatic lesions at the time of study entry) - Candidate for definitive local therapy to all sites of active disease per the discretion of the treating physicians - No more than 4 prior lines of systemic therapy administered to treat metastatic disease - Pathologically confirmed diagnosis of cancer as specified in protocol - Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2 - Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 500/mcL (performed within 6 weeks prior to study enrollment) - Platelets >= 25,000/mcL (performed within 6 weeks prior to study enrollment) - Hemoglobin >=7 g/dL (performed within 6 weeks prior to study enrollment) - Serum total bilirubin =< 1.5 mg/dl (except for subjects with Gilbert syndrome, who may have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dl) OR direct bilirubin =< upper limit normal (ULN) for subjects with total bilirubin levels > 1.5 mg/dl (performed within 6 weeks prior to study enrollment) - Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) serum glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) =< 3 X ULN OR =< 5 X ULN for subjects with liver metastases (performed within 6 weeks prior to study enrollment)

Exclusion Criteria

  • Has a diagnosis of active scleroderma, lupus, or other rheumatologic disease which in the opinion of the treating radiation oncologist precludes safe radiation therapy - Metastatic effusion (e.g. pleural effusion or ascites). Note that patients with an effusion that is too small to sample will be eligible for the trial - Diffuse metastatic processes including leptomeningeal disease, diffuse bone marrow involvement, and peritoneal carcinomatous, which by the discretion of the treating physician cannot be treated definitively - Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial - In the event that a curative systemic option exists for metastatic disease from a given disease site. First-line metastatic patients (those patients who have had no prior lines of systemic therapy targeting their metastatic disease) are only eligible for enrollment if they have completed their curative systemic therapy per the judgment of the treating oncologist and have persistent disease - Is pregnant or expecting to conceive within the projected duration of the trial at the screening visit - Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 6 weeks prior to study registration up to the first fraction of radiation - Note: If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required - Additional diagnosis of another primary malignancy outside of the malignancy being treated on trial that per the discretion of the treating physicians and investigational team offers a substantial risk to the patient's life (e.g. primary lung cancer definitively treated in the past 6 months would offer a significant risk to the patient's life, while a basal cell carcinoma treated with local excision would not)

Study Design

Phase
Phase 2
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Arm I (LCT, routine therapy)
Patients receive up-front standard of care LCT including but not limited to surgical resection, cryotherapy, and radiofrequency ablation. Patients then receive routine drug therapy.
  • Other: Best Practice
    Receive routine therapy
    Other names:
    • standard of care
    • standard therapy
  • Procedure: Local Consolidation Therapy
    Receive LCT
    Other names:
    • LCT
    • Local Consolidative Therapy
Experimental
Arm II (routine therapy)
Patients receive routine drug therapy. Patients may later receive LCT at the discretion of doctor.
  • Other: Best Practice
    Receive routine therapy
    Other names:
    • standard of care
    • standard therapy

Recruiting Locations

University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas 78229
Contact:
Mohamad H. Fakhreddine
210-450-5652
fakhreddine@uthscsa.edu

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Study Contact

Chad Tang
713-563-2300
ctang1@mdanderson.org

Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. In patients with oligometastatic malignancies, to assess progression free survival (PFS) with upfront local consolidative therapy (LCT) versus (vs.) no LCT among randomized patients. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. In patients with oligometastatic malignancies, to assess overall survival (OS) with upfront LCT vs. no LCT among randomized patients. II. In patients with oligometastatic malignancies, to assess time to next line systemic therapy with upfront LCT vs. no LCT. III. In patients with oligometastatic malignancies, to assess time to new lesion failure with upfront LCT vs. no LCT. IV. To assess safety/tolerability of upfront LCT in patients with oligometastatic malignancies. V. In patients with oligometastatic malignancies, to assess quality of life with upfront LCT vs. no LCT. EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES: I. To identify predictive/prognostic biomarkers that are associated with a benefit to LCT across disease sites. II. To investigate the systemic immune activating effects of radiation. OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms. ARM I: Patients receive up-front standard of care LCT including but not limited to surgical resection, cryotherapy, and radiofrequency ablation. Patients then receive routine drug therapy. ARM II: Patients receive routine drug therapy. Patients may later receive LCT at the discretion of doctor. After completion of study, patients are followed up every 18 weeks.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.