Radiation Therapy With or Without Apalutamide in Treating Patients With Stage III-IV Prostate Cancer
This phase II trial studies how well radiation therapy with or without apalutamide works in treating patients with stage III-IV prostate cancer. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-ray to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Androgen can cause the growth of prostate cancer cells. Drugs, such as apalutamide, may lessen the amount of androgen made by the body. Giving radiation therapy and apalutamide may work better at treating prostate cancer than radiation alone.
- PSA Progression
- Stage III Prostate Adenocarcinoma
- Stage IV Prostate Adenocarcinoma
- Eligible Ages
- Over 18 Years
- Eligible Genders
- Accepts Healthy Volunteers
- Pathologically (histologically) proven diagnosis of prostate adenocarcinoma; prostatectomy must have been performed within 10 years prior to Step 1 registration and any type of radical prostatectomy is permitted, including retropubic, perineal, laparoscopic or robotically assisted
- Post-prostatectomy patients with a detectable serum PSA (≥ 0.1, but ≤ 1.0 ng/mL) at study entry (within 90 days of Step 1 registration) and at least one of the following:
- Gleason score 7-10 (International Society of Urological Pathology [ISUP] grade group 2 to 5)
- ISUP grade group:
- Grade Group 1: Gleason score ≤ 6,
- Grade Group 2: Gleason score 3 + 4 = 7,
- Grade Group 3: Gleason score 4 + 3 = 7,
- Grade Group 4: Gleason score 8,
- Grade Group 5: Gleason scores 9 and 10
- >= T3a disease
- Persistent elevation of PSA after prostatectomy measured within 90 days after surgery (PSA never became undetectable) of > 0.04 but < 0.2 ng/mL (PSA nadir)
- pN0 or pNx
- History/physical examination within 90 days prior to Step 1 registration
- Karnofsky performance status of 70-100 within 90 days prior to Step 1 registration
- Surgical formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) specimen must be available for submission to GenomeDx for genomic analysis on Decipher GRID platform; Note: if Decipher results have already been obtained, in lieu of tissue, results must be submitted to GenomeDx for validation
- Prior androgen deprivation therapy (luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone [LHRH] agonist and/or non-steroidal anti-androgen) is allowed if discontinued at least 90 days prior to Step 1 registration and given for ≤ 90 days duration
- For example: patients on prior LHRH analogs (post-prostatectomy), the discontinuation date should be calculated based on the expected duration of the sustained release injection, not simply the injection date of the drug; for instance, if a 22.5 mg sustained release dose of leuprolide acetate is given (3 month duration), then the expected duration of such a dose would be 90 days after the injection date; for a 7.5 mg leuprolide (1 month duration), the discontinuation date would be 30 days after the injection date
- Please note: finasteride or dutasteride must be stopped before treatment starts but prior usage will not affect eligibility
- Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL, independent of transfusion and/or growth factors within 90 days prior to Step 1 registration
- Platelet count ≥ 100,000 x 10^9/uL independent of transfusion and/or growth factors within 90 days prior to step 1 registration
- Serum albumin ≥ 3.0 g/dL within 90 days prior to Step 1 registration
- Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥ 35 mL/min estimated by Cockcroft-Gault or measured directly by 24 hour urine creatinine within 90 days prior to Step 1 registration
- Serum total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) (Note: in subjects with Gilbert's syndrome, if total bilirubin is > 1.5 x ULN, measure direct and indirect bilirubin and if direct bilirubin is ≤ 1.5 x ULN, subject is eligible) within 90 days prior to Step 1 registration
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 2.5 x ULN within 90 days prior to Step 1 registration
- Testosterone > 50 ng/dL within 90 days prior to Step 1 registration
- Concomitant medications known to lower the seizure threshold discontinued or substituted at least 4 weeks (30 days) prior to Step 1 registration.
- The patient must agree to use a condom (even men with vasectomies) and another effective method of birth control if he is having sex with a woman of childbearing potential or agree to use a condom if he is having sex with a woman who is pregnant while on study drug and for 3 months following the last dose of study drug
- The patient must agree not to donate sperm during the study treatment and for 3 months after receiving the last dose of study drug
- The patient or a legally authorized representative must provide study-specific informed consent prior to study entry
- Definitive clinical, radiologic, or pathologic evidence of metastatic disease (M1) or lymph node involvement (N1)
- Prior invasive malignancy (except non-melanomatous skin cancer, carcinoma in situ of the male breast, penis, oral cavity, or stage Ta of the bladder, or stage I completely resected melanoma) unless disease free for a minimum of 2 years
- Prior systemic chemotherapy for the study cancer; note that prior chemotherapy for a different cancer is allowable
- Prior radiotherapy to the region of the study cancer that would result in overlap of radiation therapy fields
- History of any of the following:
- Seizure or known condition that may pre-dispose to seizure (e.g. prior stroke within 1 year prior to Step 1 registration)
- History of documented inflammatory bowel disease
- Transmural myocardial infarction within the last 4 months prior to Step 1 registration.
- Unstable angina and/or congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization within the last 6 months prior to Step 1 registration
- History of any condition that in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude participation in this study
- Current evidence of any of the following:
- Known gastrointestinal disorder affecting absorption of oral medications
- Active uncontrolled infection (eg, human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] or viral hepatitis)
- Uncontrolled hypertension
- Any current condition that in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude participation in this study
- Prior whole gland ablative therapy (i.e. cryoablation or high intensity focused ultrasound [HIFU]) for prostate cancer is not allowed
- HIV positive with CD4 count < 200 cells/microliter within 30 days prior to registration
- HIV patients under treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) within 30 days prior to registration regardless of CD4 count. (Note: HIV testing is not required for eligibility for this protocol as it is self-reported.)
- For patients who have not undergone prior Decipher analysis, submission of the specimen to GenomeDx should be as soon as possible after study registration (Step 1) as these results can take up 21 days after the specimen is received at GenomeDx; Step 2 registration must occur within 6 weeks (42 days) of Step 1 registration; if Decipher results have already been obtained, in lieu of tissue, results must be submitted to GenomeDx for validation
- Phase 2
- Study Type
- Intervention Model
- Parallel Assignment
- Primary Purpose
- Double (Participant, Investigator)
Arm 1 (Radiation Therapy + Placebo)
|Patients undergo external beam radiation therapy on Day 1 for 7.5 weeks. Beginning on Day 1 of radiation therapy, patients receive placebo PO QD on Days 1-30. Treatment repeats every 30 days for up to 6 courses (6 months) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.||
Arm 2 (Radiation Therapy + Apalutamide)
|Patients undergo external beam radiation therapy on Day 1 for 7.5 weeks. Beginning on Day 1 of radiation therapy, patients receive apalutamide PO QD on Days 1-30. Treatment repeats every 30 days for up to 6 courses (6 months)in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.||
- NCT ID
- NRG Oncology
Study ContactDaniel Spratt, MD
I. To determine whether, in men with post-prostatectomy PSA recurrences, salvage radiation (SRT) with enhanced anti-androgen therapy with apalutamide will improve biochemical progression-free survival (bPFS) compared to SRT alone.
I. To assess whether molecular stratification by the PAM50 gene expression clustering will identify subsets of prostate cancer (luminal A or basal, luminal B) which derive the greatest benefit from anti-androgen therapy.
II. To assess overall survival. III. To assess cancer-specific mortality. IV. To assess metastasis-free survival. V. To assess distant metastasis. VI. To assess local-regional progression. VII. To assess PSA nadir during first year of treatment and prior to initiation of any hormonal salvage therapy.
VIII. To assess initiation of salvage hormonal therapy. IX. To assess PSA with a non-castrate testosterone at 1 and 3 years post randomization: PSA < 0.1 ng/ml and testosterone >= 50 ng/dl.
X. To assess acute and late physician-reported morbidity (per the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] version 5) after SRT +/- apalutamide.
XI. To assess acute and late patient-reported morbidity (per the patient reported outcomes [PRO]-CTCAE) after SRT +/- apalutamide.
XII. To assess testosterone levels at 3, 6, 9, 12, and 36 months post randomization.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 arms.
ARM 1: Patients undergo external beam radiation therapy on Day 1 for 7.5 weeks. Beginning on Day 1 of radiation therapy, patients receive placebo orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days 1-30. Treatment repeats every 30 days for up to 6 courses (6 months) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
ARM 2: Patients undergo external beam radiation therapy on Day 1 for 7.5 weeks. Beginning on Day 1 of radiation therapy, patients receive apalutamide PO QD on Days 1-30. Treatment repeats every 30 days for up to 6 courses (6 months) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years, then every 6 months for 3 years, and then yearly thereafter.