Purpose

The primary focus of this study is to see if looking at tumor biomarkers using a program called coexpression extrapolation or "COXEN" may predict a patient's response to chemotherapy before surgery.

Condition

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Histologically proven bladder cancer (pure small cell carcinoma, pure adenocarcinoma, and pure squamous cell carcinoma histologies are excluded).
  • Stage cT2-T4a N0 M0 disease.
  • Documented muscle invasive disease with at least one of the following: disease measuring at least 10 mm on cross-sectional imaging OR the presence of tumor-associated hydronephrosis.
  • Staging scans with abdominal/pelvic CT or MRI scan and CT scan or x-ray of the chest within 56 days prior to registration. If alkaline phosphatase is above the treating institution's upper limit of normal (ULN), presence of suspicious bone pain, or if other clinical suspicion, a whole body bone scan is required within 56 days prior to registration.
  • Performance status = 0 or 1
  • 18 years of age or older
  • Must have tumor tissue from transurethral resection of the bladder tumor (TURBT) available for submission that is sufficient for COXEN testing and must agree to submission of 20 (10 micron) slides plus 2 (5 micron) slides from the start and end of the 20 slides for a total of 22 unstained slides.
  • Must agree to collection of tissue (if residual disease is present), urine, and whole blood.
  • Must agree to participate in the translational medicine studies outlined in the protocol

Exclusion Criteria

  • Prior systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy or systemic anthracycline
  • Peripheral neuropathy >/= Grade 2
  • Class III/IV heart failure or known left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50%
  • Clinically relevant hearing impairment > Grade 2
  • Renal function, calculated creatinine clearance < 60 mL/min
  • Hepatic function, total bilirubin > 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (IULN) (or > 2.5 x IULN with Gilbert's disease); AST & ALT > 2 X IULN
  • Hematologic function, absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 1,500/mcL, hemoglobin < 9 g/dL, and platelets < 100,000/mcL
  • Hypersensitivity to cisplatin, gemcitabine, doxorubicin, vinblastine, methotrexate, or filgrastim/pegfilgrastim
  • Incidence of or uncontrolled medical illness (e.g. active cardiac symptoms, active systemic infection, etc.)
  • Pregnant or nursing females
  • No other prior malignancy is allowed except for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated Stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease free for five years. However, patients with localized prostate cancer who are being followed by an active surveillance program are eligible.

Study Design

Phase
Phase 2
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Gemcitabine & Cisplatin
Gemcitabine, 1000 mg/m2, IV, Days 1&8, q 21 days x 4 cycles Cisplatin, 70 mg/m2, IV, Day 1, q 21 days x 4 cycles
  • Drug: Gemcitabine
    Gemcitabine, 1000 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) on Days 1 and 8 of each 21 day cycle. Number of Cycles: 4 cycles or until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops.
    Other names:
    • Gemzar
  • Drug: Cisplatin
    Cisplatin, 70 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) on Day 1 of each 21 day cycle (or Day 1 or 2 of each 14 day cycle). Number of Cycles: 4 cycles or until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops.
    Other names:
    • Platinol
Experimental
Dose Dense MVAC
Methotrexate, 30 mg/m2, IV, Day 1, q 14 days x 4 cycles Vinblastine, 3 mg/m2, IV, Day 1 or 2, q 14 days x 4 cycles Doxorubicin, 30 mg/m2, IV, Day 1 or 2, q 14 days x 4 cycles Cisplatin, 70 mg/m2, IV, Day 1 or 2, q 14 days x 4 cycles Filgrastim, 5 mcg/kg, SubQ/IV, Days 3-7, q 14 days x 4 cycles
  • Drug: Cisplatin
    Cisplatin, 70 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) on Day 1 of each 21 day cycle (or Day 1 or 2 of each 14 day cycle). Number of Cycles: 4 cycles or until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops.
    Other names:
    • Platinol
  • Drug: Methotrexate
    Methotrexate, 30 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) on Days 1 of each 14 day cycle. Number of Cycles: 4 cycles or until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops.
    Other names:
    • Trexall
  • Drug: Vinblastine
    Vinblastine, 3 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) on Days 1 or 2 of each 14 day cycle. Number of Cycles: 4 cycles or until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops.
    Other names:
    • Velban
  • Drug: Doxorubicin
    Doxorubicin, 30 mg/m2, IV (in the vein) on Days 1 or 2 of each 14 day cycle. Number of Cycles: 4 cycles or until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops.
    Other names:
    • Adriamycin
  • Drug: Filgrastim
    Filgrastim, 5 mcg/kg, SubQ/IV (in the vein) on Days 3-7 of each 14 day cycle. Number of Cycles: 4 cycles or until progression or unacceptable toxicity develops.
    Other names:
    • Neupogen

Recruiting Locations

University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas 78229
Contact:
John Sarantopoulos
210-450-3800

University Hospital
San Antonio, Texas 78229
Contact:
John Sarantopoulos
210-450-3800

More Details

NCT ID
NCT02177695
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Southwest Oncology Group

Study Contact

Veronica Garcia
210-614-8808
vgarcia@swog.org

Detailed Description

The COXEN program will not select a patient's therapy, but the type of chemotherapy that he/she will receive will be randomly decided. The patient's response to chemotherapy will be used to test the usefulness of the COXEN program, which is the main goal of this trial. Other potential tests to predict a patient's response to chemotherapy will also be evaluated. In this study, the patient may receive the treatment in Arm 1 (gemcitabine and cisplatin) or the treatment in Arm 2 [methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, cisplatin, and filgrastim (or pegfilgrastim)]. There will be about 184 people taking part in this study (92 in each arm).

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.